From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Manteca is a city in the Central Valley of California, 76 miles east of San Francisco. It was founded in 1861 by Joshua Cowell. Cowell claimed around 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) and built houses on what is now the corner of Main and Yosemite, where Bank of America now stands. In 1873, the Central Pacific Railroad laid track directly through the area. The residents wanted to refer to their new train station as "Cowell Station", but there was already a Cowell Station near Tracy. The residents agreed to change the name of the community, choosing "Monteca" as the new name. This was misprinted as "Manteca" (Spanish for lard) by the railroad, and the misspelled version was eventually accepted as the name of the town. This misspelling thus became a town joke that would be laughed at throughout generations to come. Bobby and Shirley Davis popularized the pronunciation /mæn'tikə/, even though the Spanish word is pronounced /man'teka/.  In 1918, Manteca was incorporated as a city, and Joshua Cowell became its first mayor.
Manteca fashions itself the "Family City", and it lies at a crossroads of major highways and railroads. As recently as the 1970s, Manteca existed primarily on agriculture and was still barely a stop between two freeways, Interstate 5 and State Route 99. The continuing rise in Bay Area housingprices caused Bay Area residents to look further eastward for cheaper places to live. Since the construction of the 120 bypass portion of State Route 120, Manteca has become a popular choice for these commuters. The 1990s saw an increase in the city's population and the construction of its third high school, the first two being Manteca High School and East Union High School. The population of Manteca continues to increase, with some housing being constructed on what was once farmland to the north and southeast.
Manteca is the home base for the Not Forgotten Memorial Day Event, the largest commemoration for veterans on the American West Coast. The event is held the Sunday before Memorial Day every year. The event draws over 20,000 people in attendance.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.8 square miles (46 km2), 99.87% of it land and 0.13% of it water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Manteca had a population of 67,096. The population density was 3,778.5 per square mile (1,458.9/km²). The racial makeup of Manteca was 49.6% White, 9.8% African American, 1.1% Native American, 12.1% Asian,0.6% Pacific Islander, 11.4% from other races, and 7.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.7%.
The Census reported that 66,601 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 150 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 345 (0.5%) were institutionalized.
There were 21,618 households, of which 9,681 (44.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 11,973 (55.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,009 (13.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,590 (7.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,629 (7.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 130 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,902 households (18.0%) were made up of individuals and 1,542 (7.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08. There were 16,572 families (76.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.48.
19,432 people (29.0% of the population) were under the age of 18, 6,569 people (9.8%) aged 18 to 24, 18,075 people (26.9%) aged 25 to 44, 16,367 people (24.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,653 people (9.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.
There were 23,132 housing units at an average density of 1,302.7 per square mile (503.0/km²), of which 13,521 (62.5%) were owner-occupied, and 8,097 (37.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.5%. 41,225 people (61.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 25,376 people (37.8%) lived in rental housing units.
At the 2000 census, there were 49,258 people, 16,368 households and 12,488 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,195.4/km² (3,095.8/mi²). There were 16,937 housing units at an average density of 411.0/km² (1,064.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.17% White, 2.85% African American, 1.31% Native American, 3.52% Asian, 0.36% Pacific Islander, 11.56% from other races, and 6.23% from two or more races. 25.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 16,368 households of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.39.
31.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.
The median household income was $46,677 and the median family income was $51,587. Males had a median income of $43,283 compared with $27,772 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,241. 9.7% of the population and 7.2% of families were below the poverty line. 10.7% of those under the age of 18 and 6.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
|Employer||No. of employees|
|Manteca Unified School District||1,350|
|Doctors Hospital of Manteca||370|
|City of Manteca||391|
|Eckert Cold Storage||300|
Bus service in Manteca is provided by Manteca Transit.
Public schools in Manteca are part of the Manteca Unified School District. The school district encompasses the towns of Manteca, Lathrop, the community of French Camp, and the Weston Ranch community in Stockton. There are no middle schools; elementary school continues through the 8th grade, with a mix of both year-round and traditional schools. Manteca Unified School District has 19 elementary schools, 5 high schools, and 2 continuation schools. Not all of the schools listed below are in Manteca itself.
- August Knodt
- Brock Elliott
- French Camp
- George Komure
- George McParland
- Golden West
- Great Valley
- Joseph Widmer Jr
- Joshua Cowell
- Mossdale Elementary
- Neil Hafley
- New Haven
- Nile Garden
- Stella Brockman
- Walter E. Woodward
- Alta Vista (private)
- St. Anthony's (private)
Notable people from Manteca
- Sheila Bleck (b. 1974) - IFBB professional bodybuilder
- Gilbert Luján (b.1940 – d. 2011) - sculptor, painter
- Justin Roiland (b. 1980) - cartoon creator and voice actor
- Scott Brooks (b. 1965) - former NBA basketball player and current head coach; attended East Union High School
- Sammy L. Davis - Medal of Honor recipient
- Marliece Andrada (b. 1972) - actress and Playboy's Playmate of the Month in March 1998.
- Ernie Barber (b. 1914 - d. 1989) - former NFL player for the Washington Redskins
- April Bowlby (b. 1980) - actress
- Milo Candini (b. 1917 – d. 1998) - Major League Baseball player 1943-51
- Scott Speed (b. 1983) - race car driver
- Dev (b. 1989) - singer songwriter
- Doug Mikolas (b. 1961) - football player